Development of Computer Learning Materials To Improve Spreadsheet Skills for Training Participants

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Development of Computer Learning Materials ToImprove Spreadsheet Skills for Training ParticipantsSabar, S. Masitoh, B. S. Bachri Universitas Negeri Surabaya Surabaya, [email protected]—Non-formal institutions are one of the educational containers to be able to train learners to prepare themselves for the fierce competition of world. While the compulsory subjects for all courses are Office Applications which aims to provide skills to operate software such as word processing, spreadsheet, and presentations that become one of the requirements to enter the working world. One of the skills mastery measurement used is Computer Literate Certified Professional (CLCP) from ICT Competency Certification Institution. Development of printed teaching materials is assumed to be the right target for improving spreadsheet skills. The questionnaire is an instrument used to assess the quality of printed materials produced by learning experts, media experts, and material experts using research design Pre test post test control group design. The results of the study showed significant results in terms of improving learning outcomes as well as skills using the logic function in the spreadsheet.Keywords—Development; Instructional Materials; Spreadsheet SkillsI. INTRODUCTIONA. The Ability Of Spreadsheets For Courses And TrainingIn the Regulation of the Minister of Education and Culture No. 81 of 2013 on the Establishment of Non-formal Education Units article 1, paragraph 8, the Non-formal Education Program is an education service that is organized to empower the community through life skills education, early childhood education, youth education, women's empowerment education, literacy, vocational education and job training, equivalency education, and other education aimed at developing learners' abilities.One of the Institute of Courses and Training that plays an active role to produce skilled manpower to meet the needs of workers and independent business is Mandiri Entrepreneur Center (MEC) under the auspices of Yatim Mandiri Foundation Surabaya. One measure of mastering spreadsheet skills through competence test results of Computer Literate Certified Professional (CLCP) through the Certification Institute of Information and Communication TechnologyCompetencies (LSK-TIK). The data shows only 9% of learners are said to have the spreadsheet competence.B. Development of Computer Learning MaterialsSuparman [1] states that there are 6 basic components in the learning system. Basic components or can be said core components consist of learners, processes, competencies of graduates, teachers, curriculum, and learning materials. Learning materials is a component that can be intervened by doing the development of learning materials in accordance with the objectives of the programmed institutions.Abdullah, et al. (2016: 4) Mentioning that the teaching materials are a set of subject matter systematically arranged and intact so as to create easy, fun and engaging learning that enables students to learn and achieve the goals of the curriculum.Teaching materials that need to be developed are in printed form to supplement nonprinted teaching materials that have been used previously. The use of printed materials is assumed to be more targeted because the need to do the exercises required learning activities directly without using the help of computers as well as having the ability to be duplicated using a computer.In the study of the use of teaching materials in the form of printing economic subjects at the high school level, the results obtained that the student's response to the use of teaching materials is very good (Rosidah, 2013:16). Other similar studies have shown results that printed materials help in understanding the material and motivating learning [2]. From these two studies, it can be assumed that the development of printed materials will have a positive impact on improving spreadsheet skillsC. Improving Spreadsheet Skills for Training ParticipantsSpreadsheets refer to software for inputting data, processing data using multiple functions (formulas, databases, graphs) to produce certain outputs [3] using a spreadsheet software package, in this case, using logic functions.In general, the training courses are divided into 3 main subjects: 1) core skills courses (according to study program),2) support skill courses (all courses), and 3) skills training courses for entrepreneurship. On-course support expertise such as Office Computer Applications, Computer Basics, and Internet are provided for each course with the assumption thatthe basic capabilities of software and hardware are currently needed in every job. Especially Computer Application Office that aims to provide skills to operate word processing, spreadsheets and presentations are currently one of the requirements to apply for work at the end of the training program.II. METHODLiterature Review in the language and graphic feasibility assessment tool by National Education Standards Agency (BNSP) on text-based teaching materials there are several indicators that become points, namely:TABLE II. MEDIA EXPERT QUESTIONNAIRE INSTRUMENTA. ParticipantsBriefly that the development of teaching materials requires several personnel as follows: learning reviewer, material reviewer, media reviewer, and learners. Learning reviewer for review the objectives of learning to be achieved with teaching materials used in the learning process. Material reviewer for review the content of teaching materials whether it is in accordance with the material/chapter on the function of logic. Media reviewer to review the visual components and linguistics used in learning materials. Last, the target user of product development is learners from accounting computer program, amounting to 32 people who are divided into 2 classes.B. InstrumentsIn the expert test process with the main objective to make improvements of the teaching materials to be applied in later stages, the Guttman scale is used to express the "yes" or "no" stance of the expert on the developed product. Guttman scale is made in the form of the checklist with the highest score 1 (if no need revision) and the lowest score 0 (if necessary revision) [4]The instruments provided for the teaching expert emphasize the assessment of the effectiveness of the achievement of the learning objectives with the developed teaching materials. Indicators assessment is based on the syllabus and Lesson Plans documents of Computer Training Office Application, namely:TABLE I. LEARNING EXPERT QUESTIONNAIRE INSTRUMENTInstruments gave to the material specialist emphasize the feasibility assessment of content and feasibility of presentation. In Chapter II Literature Review by National Education Standards Agency (BNSP) content feasibility assessment instrument on text-based teaching materials there are several indicators that become points, namely:TABLE III. MATERIAL EXPERT QUESTIONNAIRE INSTRUMENTNo.IndicatorsAmount1Material compliance with Basic Competency &Competency Standards32Material accuracy73Material updates54Encourage curiosity25Presentation technique26Supporting presentation87Presentation of learning18The coherence of thinking flow2Here are the observation guidelines that are used to measure the learning outcomes of spreadsheet skills after using the instructional materials given to learners:TABLE IV. OBSERVATION GUIDELINES FOR LEARNERSNo.IndicatorsAmount1Using a single IF logic function22Using compound IF logic functions23Using the logic function IF with the arithmeticfunction24Using the IF logic function with the textfunction25Using the IF logic function with statisticalfunctions2C. Data AnalysisAfter that determine the meaning of each eligibility indicator in the following way:Instruments provided to media experts emphasize the judging of language and graphic feasibility. In Chapter IICriteria score (Riduwan, 2010:41):0% -20% = very bad (very unfeasible)21% -40% = bad (not feasible)41% -6

 

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