WALTER GROPIUS

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WALTER GROPIUS – german architect, who was one of the founolers of the International Styla of modern architecture and who revoliutionized architectural education. He was born in Berlin in 1883 and trained at the universities of Charlottenburg and Munish. From 1907 to 1910 he worked in the office of Peter Behrens. Gropius began his independent practise in 1910. the Fagus shoes factory at Alfeld an der Leine, which he designed in 1911 in collaburation with Adolf Meyer, was perhaps the first glass – walled building with the frame inside. Traditional materials need strenghthening at the corner of a building, but in this building, by using the cantilever principle with either steel or reinforced concrete, Gropius was able to eliminate the corner column. His combination of innovations in a single structure makes the Fagus factory perchaps the first example of the international style. After first World War , Gropius accepted the headship of the Bauhause, a school of design at Weimar. In 1925 he moved the school into the new quarters he had designed for it at Dessau. The school emphasized the Union of artist and craftsman, of head and hand. Instead of relying completely on drawings, the students were asked to design in actual materials, thus learning the potentialities of the materials and gaining the knowledge of their own limitations in handling the materials. Recognizing the machine as basic in modern life, Gropius urged the

 

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