Language and communication patterns in Universities in Pakistan: creating some sort of differentiation and division among people

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RUNNING HEAD: LANGUAGE AND COMMUNICATION PATTERNS IN UNIVERSITIES OF PAKISTAN Language and communication patterns in Universities in Pakistan: creating some sort of differentiation and division among people. Amnah Ansari Ayesha Majid Bilal Sarwar Ifraah Rehan Intsab Sahi Submitted to: Rameeza Aslam Course: Language Culture and Society Lahore School of Economics December 19, 2016 Language And Communication Patterns In Universities of Pakistan 1 Abstract Language and communication patterns of different universities is what the paper aimed to explore and found answers to. Every country happens to have a distinct language culture which is represented by the majority of its population. Although, it is not possible to claim that University students form the largest chunk of Pakistan's population. Nonetheless, it would not be incorrect that these are the members of society who have been fully initiated in to the secondary level of language socialisation. They therefore, rightly depict the presentday association with language. The linguistic dilemma as faced by a country whose constitution declares that Urdu is the National language but, has several regional languages. On top of those indigenous tongues is English which, is propagated by the global need for its acceptance and to great extent by Elite of Pakistan. Hence, in this brewing hotpot of culture and linguistic heritage deciphering which language truly prevails becomes, an eminent question. The researchers have tried to provide insights and solution concerning the observation they have made regarding, the linguistic loophole in a multilingual society. Language And Communication Patterns In Universities of Pakistan 2 Acknowledgements The process of conducting this research was made easier with the immense support and cooperation, of the participants who took out the time and filled the questionnaire, and the interviewees Hurria Ishfaq, Waleed Yazdahni, Anoop Hafeez who provided intuition of their experience with utter sincerity and professionalism. Furthermore we are very thankful to Miss Rameeza Aslam who provided us with the opportunity of conducting the research. Language And Communication Patterns In Universities of Pakistan 3 Language and communication patterns in universities in Pakistan: Creating some sort of differentiation and division among people. With time, societies have progressed yet, have also become extremely complex. The importance of Education is immense and the need of attaining it has led to its rise. The growth of the institution of education has developed certain problems, one of which is social gap. Pakistan suffers at the hands of this widening social gap, where students are judged according to which institution they belong to: the elite or the non-elite. The question remains that who determines whether an institution is elite or non-elite. It is in fact the, Pakistani educational system and the perceptions of the society which have led to this social problem. Certain factors like language and communication (studied in this research) have been used in the creation and the fuelling of this problem. Institutions with a grip over the imperial language and culture are favoured over the ones which do not. Judgement and categorization on the basis of this is wrong on numerous levels. Pakistani’s will and do have a number of interpretations of the culture and its language and this is completely normal, for people cannot get rid of their own culture and language(s). This research draws on the various reasons for this categorization of institutions and how it affects the society as a whole, and the individuals as the part of the global world. It is unfair to all of those students who try to pave way for themselves with dedication and hard work to be put down and not be given what they deserve, all because of a social construct. Pakistan needs to contain this situation and introduce a system which promotes equality. Literature Review (Hafiz Ahmed Bilal,Saima Mubashra,Farkhanda Akram,Adeel Shahzada, 2013) The study looked at various speech patterns particularly focusing upon varying level of formality, manifesting themselves in CMC via social networking websites and mobile text Language And Communication Patterns In Universities of Pakistan 4 messages in Pakistani society. Previously post-colonial impressions upon the use of English language were vivid through highly formal use of vocabulary and in speech pattern. However, this phenomenon is changing now. This study emphasized on new linguistic variety in the form of SMS or internet language in multilingual society of Pakistan. Cultural and traditional communication style has also changed because of decrease in generation gap leading to a franker intra- generational communication. However, it is not a one-way process that social scene is shaping language; but is indeed a two-way procedure in which both parties are affected by each other. The new communication methods on which the study concentrated, are seen to have genuinely contributed towards redesigning social scenario specially the language patterns of the adolescents. (Muhammad Islam, Martin Lamb, Gary Chambers, 2013) This thesis presents a study of Pakistani undergraduate students’ motivation to gain proficiency in English. This study has two primary aims; firstly, to analyze the usefulness of Dörnyei’s model for describing the L2 motivation of a sample of Pakistani students, and secondly to capture other contextual and relational motivational factors which may be salient in this under-researched context. Many individuals are invigorated to build up a bicultural personality, allowing them to feel at home among family and companions in them neighborhood society and afterward have the capacity to universal settings among Individuals with various good, religious and social qualities. Indeed, even after freedom, this locale, particularly Pakistan, has been under the enormous political impact of the USA and UK that may have added to the spread of English here. In the shifted etymological texture of Pakistan, English has remained an essential, prevailing and the most prestigious dialect in Pakistani society since the formation of the nation. English is to a great extent the dialect utilized by the compelling individuals of Pakistan in the areas of common organization, military, business, media and training. English is normally seen to be an imperative Language And Communication Patterns In Universities of Pakistan 5 wellspring of picking up modernization, logical and innovative improvement, and financial headway for self-status. (Hywel Coleman, Tony Capstick, 2012) In Pakistan, the role of English is particularly complex. It is the language of government, the military and higher education. At the same time, it is the language of power and the language of an elite class that has dominated the country since its very independence. According to the report educational institutes fall in five categories Elite private institutions: these are majorly modelled on the British public school systems. Schools run by the armed forces, Government schools, non-elite English medium schools and lastly the Madrassas. The main finding of the paper was that a home-school language gap exists in almost every house hold. The home school language gap may also mean that even if children are in school they are not learning much that is of value. According to the author “Neglecting indigenous languages, marginalizing the national language and privileging English carry with them risks for social cohesion. It therefore seems appropriate to consider what a comprehensive national language policy might look like.” Chen, G. M. (2012). The impact of new media on intercultural communication in global context. China Media Research, 8(2), 1-10. This paper inspected the

 

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Research Paper


Languages

English.


Categories

Linguistics and Language, Communications, Social Behavior.


Country

Pakistan.


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