Pulse Oximetry System for Adjusting Medical Ventilation

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AristotleNameInstitution Affiliation AristotleIntroductionAristotle was a prolific Greek Philosopher who lived between 384 and 322BC. Aristotle was Plato’s student but more empirical minded than Plato. This article provides the contributions of Aristotle in the fields of politics, biology, logic, ethics, psychology, metaphysics, and aesthetics. Additionally, the paper will highlight his critical literature influence on subsequent western thought including physics, theology, and philosophy. He was the first person to group these fields of knowledge into distinct disciplines including biology, ethics, mathematics, and physics; most of which are still used to date. Radically, Aristotle changed the most field of education he talked about in addition to writing over 200 treaties most of which we are not aware of as the modern people.Influences of Aristotle’s philosophyAristotle came up with the formalized method of reasoning where he observed that the legality of any reasoning is established on its structure and not on its content. A typical example he used was that of syllogism where he claimed that if all men are mortal; person A is a man; therefore all men are mortal including person A. looking at the structure of this reasoning, given that the hypothesis is right; therefore it is guaranteed that the conclusion is valid. However, the rise of modern propositional logic replaced Aristotle's syllogism logic.Therefore, the good logic emphasized by Aristotle blended with his belief in acceptable methods of science, created the foundation of nearly all of his work. For instance, in politics and ethics, he acknowledged that there was a correlation between intellectual virtue and good behavior where he claimed that an ethical person is one who nurtures specific virtues based on logic. Conversely, on soul and psychology, he differentiates reasoning from the sense of perception where he asserts that logic and sense of perception together interprets perception of sense. Further, Aristotle claims that sense of comprehension and reasoning together forms the basis of all the knowledge. On the subject matter of form, additionally, Aristotle argued that forms are inherent to the object matter and therefore cannot subsist without each other; and when being studied, they must be analyzed together. However, Plato in contrast to Aristotle’s reasoning about the relationship between form and object, Plato argued that form and object exist impartial to each other. In the field of art, however, Aristotle supports Plato’s argument. LogicAristotle analyzed the logic of a sentence concerning individual words as opposed to propositions as other scholars' reasoning. He classified the subsets regarding ten words namely; quality, condition, substance, time, place, passion, relation, action, situation, and quantity. These words try to answer questions that would be used to gain knowledge of specific objectives. Nonetheless, the subject is considered as the most essential of these words and is divided into two: first and second. The first substance talks about objects in individuality while the second substance is considered as the species which the first substance inherits. However, when opinions are considered in isolation, they do not express falsehood or the truth about a subject. As a result, the elements when considered in unison differentiate two parts like a verb and noun substantive thereby giving a rational thought and speech as a whole or in parts. Although the logic only considers demonstrative forms, such thought can be in many forms; which express either falsehood or the truth. The falsehood or the truth of an intention can only be determined by considering the facts they signify. The aim of a sentence is either negative or affirmative, either of which can either be undesignated, universal or particular. According to Aristotle, a definition is an essential statement of a character of a subject that involves both the difference and genus; and to get the true meaning the qualities of a subject must be determined within the genus. As a result, the qualities of a family, when taken together are precisely equal to them; and when taken separately are more comprehensive than the subject to be defined. However, the definition of a subject can either; be too broad, or obscure, or fails to state the fundamental and essential characteristic. The basis of Aristotle's reasoning is syllogism which has dominated the human reasoning until the rise of a proposition.EthicsAristotle views ethics as an effort to determine our highest good or ultimate end in which the principal end signifies the "final end". Aristotle maintains that end of life can be a means to other ends and the human end must have some final pursuit or object. Further, Aristotle describes this final end as happiness. On the contrary, many people refer to many different things they find necessary to discuss the description of joy for themselves. Also, on the other hand, most people believe happiness has to be realized through the nature of humans and must start from personal experiences. Therefore Aristotle asserts that joy cannot originate from an idea or abstract notion and it must be practical.Additionally, happiness must be realized from life and work which is distinctive to individual people. Therefore, true happiness is found in perfect realization or a human and the active life of any rational soul which continues throughout the life of a being. Generally, ethics studies how humans live a happy life by considering the standards of morality in which they are judged by the results of their actions in pursuit for happiness. Further, the human actions in the quest of happiness are studied according to adherence of principles of their ends – either positive or negative ends.AestheticsAesthetics considers the critical reflection on culture, nature, and art. The discipline focuses on the kind of beauty, art, perception, emotional values, and enjoyment concerning judgment. Aristotle defined art as the external realization of the right idea which is traced back to the pleasure recognized in liking something and the general characteristic of love. However, Aristotle asserts that art is not only limited to copying but also completes and idealizes nature. Furthermore, art aims at grasping the universal type in the specific phenomenon. Generally, aesthetics is fitted by depicting events that excite pity or fear in the observer's mind to purge or purify these feelings; and they regulate and extend their sympathy. Thus, aesthetics cure passion homoeopathic.PoliticsPolitical philosophy considers the law, justice, the obligations, rights, and property of the citizens. Aristotle argues that ethics and politics are correlated since both consider how humans should live with each other. The ethical ideal of politics is only one of many aspects of human life that determines the happiness of individuals. By, nature, humans are social beings that possess the ability to speak rationally; and this leads us to social union. As a result, the state is developed from the village community as a derivative of the family which is formed formally for the fulfilment of natural human wants. Politics, according to Aristotle, exists for the encouragement of the higher life and it exists subsequently for ethical ends. Aristotle states that politics is an institution of protection of property and goods in addition to the prevention of wrongdoing in the community. Therefore, politics is a legitimate ethical organization for facilitating human development.PsychologyAristotle states that there is a close correlation between physiological process and psychological state. Furthermore, Aristotle views the mind as the truth of the body in which the human state gains its true meaning. He asserts that the soul exhibits its activities in particular part, also referred to as faculties; and corresponds with the biological development stages. These biological develo

 

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