psychological disorder

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A Beautiful Mind11/27/2014Section FWhat are PHYCOLOGICAL disorders?Psychological disorders, also referred to as mental disorders, are abnormalities of the mind that result in persistent behavior patterns that can seriously affect your day-to-day function and life.Minor DisordersSocial anxiety disorder (SAD, SAnD):Reasons:Overprotective/over controlling parentsAbused by family memberLower income groupsLess education… ETCThe National Comorbidity Survey of over 8,000 American correspondents in 1994 revealed 12-month and lifetime prevalence rates of 7.9 percent and 13.3 percent, respectively; this makes it the third most prevalent psychiatric disorder after depression and alcohol dependenceArachnophobia: the fear of spidersAcrophobia: is an extreme or irrationalfear of heightsAquaphobia: abnormal fear of waterAchluophobia- Fear of darkness.Aichmophobia- Fear of needles or pointed objects. Ailurophobia- Fear of cats.Arrhenphobia- Fear of menAviophobia or Aviatophobia- Fear of flying.Phobias:TREATMENT:Cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT): used to help people change thoughts, feelings and behaviors that are causing them problemsAntidepressant medications such as SSRIs or MAOIs may be helpful in some cases of phobiaHypnotherapy:The hypnotist can tell him to forget his name, or that the room is hot (he will start sweating), or that he is someone else.[DepressionIsolationReaction to learning of terminal illness or death of a loved one.AngerAimed at inanimate objectivesBargaining Reaction to feeling of helplessness4. Acceptance Stages of DepressionBehaviorFeelingsPhysicalSymptomsBy changing lifestyleRegular exerciseSocial supportBetter relationshipEnough sleepTreatment DefinitionBipolar disorder, also known as bipolar affective disorder (and originally called manic-depressive illness), is a mental disorder characterized by periods of elevated mood and periods of depression. The elevated mood is significant and is known as mania or hypomania depending on the severity or whether there is psychosis.Bipolar disorderSymptoms of Bipolar Disorder1.During mania an individual feels or acts abnormally happy, energetic, or irritable.2.Manic Episodes Hypomanic episodes and depressive episodes 3.They often make poorly thought out decisions with little regard to the consequences.4. The need for sleep is usually reduced.5. During peri

 

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English.


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Psychology.


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Pakistan.


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