LITHUANIA

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LITHUANIASome facts:Official name - The Republic of LithuaniaHighest body of power - Supreme CouncilSystem - Parliamentary republicCapital - VilniusBorders:with Latvia - 610 kmwith Byelorussia - 724 kmwith Poland - 110 kmwith Russia (Kaliningrad region) - 303 kmsea border (Baltic Sea) - 99 kmLithuania’s area - 65,2 sq.kmLongest distances:from the East to the West - 373 kmfrom the North to the South - 276 kmPopulation - 3,723 thousand Density population - 57,1 per square km68,5% of the entire population resides in towns.Major towns:Vilnius - 600.000Kaunas - 430.000Klaipeda - 210.000Fields and meadows - 57%Forests and bushes - 30%Swamps -3%Inland waters - 4%Other land - 6%Relief: ¾ of the territory consists of low-lying plainsHighest hill - 293 m above sea levelLargest river - the Nemunas -937 km, of which 475 km in Lithuania. 71,6% of Lithuania’s territory belongs to the Nemunas’s basin.Largest lake - 44,8 sq. km - Drūkšiai.Total number of lakes larger than 0,5 hectare is2833 ( 1,5% Lithuania’s territory)The protected natural area - 327 thousand hectares( 5% of Lithuania’s territory)The climate is that of the middle latitudes, changing from the maritime to the continental. The mean yearlytemperature +6° C ( average for January being -5° C,average July +17° C ). During the last 50 years the lowest registered temperature was -43° C in 1956, and the highest (+37° C) in 1979. Thus, the seasons are differentiated quite distincly in Lithuania - cold and snowy winters and warm and sunny summers. Lithuania lies on the road between East Europe and West Europe, as the straightest road from Germany to Russia